What is the use of apex class in salesforce


Uses of Apex class :-

  • In Salesforce, Apex classes are used to implement the actions associated with an object.
  • Apex classes will have specific methods to execute the actions of the object.
  • classes will have constructors to create the objects.

Apex is a multitenant language provided by Salesforce to write backend code whenever you want to create your own custom business application. You can write Apex Code in both triggers and classes, and it can be initiated by triggers on the objects or web-service requests.


How to set and list methods in Salesforce apex?

Set Methods

  • add (setElement) Adds an element to the set if it is not already present. …
  • addAll (fromList) Adds all of the elements in the specified list to the set if they are not already present. …
  • addAll (fromSet) Adds all of the elements in the specified set to the set that calls the method if they are not already present.

More items…

How to write test classes in apex Salesforce?

How to write the Schedule Apex Class with Test Class in Salesforce. This post describes about to create a Schedule Apex class with Test Class, Monitor the Scheduled Jobs, Delete the Scheduled Jobs. Use Case: To update the Contact records every hours after 6 minutes (like 8:06, 9:06, 10:06, etc..) Schedule Apex Class:

What is list class in Salesforce?

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What are apex classes?

Apex Class. An apex class is a blueprint or template from which objects are created. An object is the instance of a class. There are three ways of creating apex classes in Salesforce: Developer Console. Force.com IDE. Apex class detail page.


Why do we use Apex classes in Salesforce?

In Salesforce, Apex classes are used to implement the actions associated with an object. Apex classes will have specific methods to execute the actions of the object. classes will have constructors to create the objects. Individuals who have knowledge of java programming can quickly get a grip over Apex classes.

What is an Apex class in Salesforce?

An Apex class is a template or blueprint from which Apex objects are created. Classes consist of other classes, user-defined methods, variables, exception types, and static initialization code.

What is the use of Apex classes?

Apex Classes are similar to Java Classes. For example, InvoiceProcessor class describes the class which has all the methods and actions that can be performed on the Invoice. If you create an instance of this class, then it will represent the single invoice which is currently in context.

Why do we write Apex class?

Following are the few scenarios where we need to write apex code: To create web services that integrate Salesforce with other applications. To implement custom validation on sobjects. To execute custom apex logic when a DML operation is performed.

How do I know where an Apex class is used?

You can search for the Apex class/page in the IDE, the Search result will show all the matches where the class/page/trigger is referenced. Hope this helps.

Can we call trigger from Apex class?

You can call an Apex class from Trigger as well. Triggers are called when a specified event occurs and triggers can call the Apex class when executing.

What are the best practices for Apex classes?

12 Salesforce Apex Best PracticesBulkify Your Code. … Avoid DML/SOQL Queries in Loops. … Avoid Hard-coded IDs. … Explicitly Declare Sharing Model. … Use a Single Trigger per SObject Type. … Use SOQL for Loops. … Modularize Your Code. … Test Multiple Scenarios.More items…•

What is global access in Apex?

The global access modifier declares that this class is known by all Apex code everywhere. All classes that contain methods defined with the webservice keyword must be declared as global. If a method or inner class is declared as global, the outer, top-level class must also be defined as global.

How to define a class?

To define a class, specify the following: Access modifiers: You must use one of the access modifiers (such as public or global) in the declaration of a top-level class. You do not have to use an access modifier in the declaration of an inner class. Optional definition modifiers (such as virtual, abstract, and so on)

What is private access in Java?

The private access modifier declares that this class is only known locally, that is, only by this section of code. This is the default access for inner classes— that is, if you don’t specify an access modifier for an inner class, it is considered private.

Can you have inner classes in Apex?

In Apex, you can define top-level classes (also called outer classes) as well as inner classes, that is, a class defined within another class. You can only have inner classes one level deep. For example: You must use one of the access modifiers (such as public or global) in the declaration of a top-level class.

Can you add abstract methods to a global class?

Note . You cannot add an abstract method to a global class after the class has been uploaded in a Managed – Released package version. If the class in the Managed – Released package is virtual, the method that you can add to it must also be virtual and must have an implementation.

Does Apex support multiple inheritance?

This restriction means that Apex does not support multiple inheritance. The interface names in the list are separated by commas. For more information about interfaces, see Interfaces. For more information about method and variable access modifiers, see Access Modifiers.

What is a class in Apex?

As in Java, you can create classes in Apex. A class is a template or blueprint from which objects are created. An object is an instance of a class. For example, the PurchaseOrder class describes an entire purchase order, and everything that you can do with a purchase order.

What is a PurchaseOrder class?

An instance of the PurchaseOrder class is a specific purchase order that you send or receive. All objects have state and behavior, that is, things that an object knows about itself, and things that an object can do.

What is the behavior of a PurchaseOrder object?

The behavior of a PurchaseOrder object—what it can do—includes checking inventory, shipping a product, or notifying a customer. A class can contain variables and methods. Variables are used to specify the state of an object, such as the object’s Name or Type.

What is an interface class?

A class can contain other classes, exception types, and initialization code. An interface is like a class in which none of the methods have been implemented— the method signatures are there, but the body of each method is empty.

Can Apex classes be static?

In Apex, you can have static methods, variables, and initialization code. However, Apex classes can’t be static. You can also have instance methods, member variables, and initialization code, which have no modifier, and local variables. You can extend a class to provide more specialized behavior.

What Are Apex Classes?

When you start learning a programming language, particularly an object-oriented language, there are two terms you’ll find together most of the time that can be confusing for new programmers: Classes and objects.

Components of an Apex Class

An Apex class consists of components that define an object’s functionality and characteristics. Let’s break down the structure of a class to understand it better.

Final Thoughts

Below, you can see a complete example of an Apex class with most of the components we discussed.

What is Apex in Salesforce?

What is Apex? Apex is a strongly typed, object-oriented programming language that allows developers to execute flow and transaction control statements on Salesforce servers in conjunction with calls to the API.

What is Apex based on?

Apex is based on familiar Java idioms, such as variable and expression syntax, block and conditional statement syntax, loop syntax, object and array notation. Where Apex introduces new elements, it uses syntax and semantics that are easy to understand and encourage efficient use of the Lightning Platform.

What is Apex language?

Apex is a strongly typed language that uses direct references to schema objects such as object and field names. It fails quickly at compile time if any references are invalid. It stores all custom field, object, and class dependencies in metadata to ensure that they are not deleted while required by active Apex code.

Is Apex a multitenant?

Hosted. Apex is interpreted, executed, and controlled entirely by the Lightning Platform. Multitenant aware. Like the rest of the Lightning Platform, Apex runs in a multitenant environment. So, the Apex runtime engine is designed to guard closely against runaway code, preventing it from monopolizing shared resources.

What is SOAP API?

Use standard SOAP API calls if you want to add functionality to a composite application that processes only one type of record at a time and does not require any transactional control (such as setting a Savepoint or rolling back changes).

Does Salesforce have prebuilt applications?

In addition, Salesforce provides the ability to customize the prebuilt applications to fit your organization. However, your organization may have complex business processes that are unsupported by the existing functionality.

Introduction to Apex class:-

Salesforce has already provided prebuilt application such as workflow, approval process, process builder etc for the CRM functionality. It may be possible that the Organization has much more complex business requirements which cannot achieve by current prebuilt applications.

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