What is apex class salesforce


An Apex class is a template or blueprint from which Apex objects are created. Classes consist of other classes, user-defined methods, variables, exception types, and static initialization code.

How to set and list methods in Salesforce apex?

Set Methods

  • add (setElement) Adds an element to the set if it is not already present. …
  • addAll (fromList) Adds all of the elements in the specified list to the set if they are not already present. …
  • addAll (fromSet) Adds all of the elements in the specified set to the set that calls the method if they are not already present.

More items…

How to write test classes in apex Salesforce?

How to write the Schedule Apex Class with Test Class in Salesforce. This post describes about to create a Schedule Apex class with Test Class, Monitor the Scheduled Jobs, Delete the Scheduled Jobs. Use Case: To update the Contact records every hours after 6 minutes (like 8:06, 9:06, 10:06, etc..) Schedule Apex Class:

What is list class in Salesforce?

Top 10 Trusted Salesforce Consulting Companies In USA 2022 | Salesforce Developers in USA

  • 1. Hyperlink InfoSystem Hyperlink InfoSystem incorporated its business in 2011 as a mobile app development company that delivers top services such as AI, IoT, and blockchain. …
  • 3. …
  • 4. …
  • 5. …
  • 6. …
  • 7. …
  • 8. …
  • 9. …

What are apex classes?

Apex Class. An apex class is a blueprint or template from which objects are created. An object is the instance of a class. There are three ways of creating apex classes in Salesforce: Developer Console. Force.com IDE. Apex class detail page.


What are Apex classes used for?

In Salesforce, Apex classes are used to implement the actions associated with an object. Apex classes will have specific methods to execute the actions of the object. classes will have constructors to create the objects.

What is difference between Apex class and test class?

Apex Class:- its a piece of code which do some task in your application. in simple if you have written a piece of code to add two fields. and display that in another field. Apex test Class :-its also a piece of code which test the functionality of the apex class.

What are the different classes in Apex?

The characters of Apex Legends are divided up into four separate classes. These are, in no particular order, Support, Recon, Offensive, and Defensive. The titles simply help to define what each character specializes in.

Why do we write Apex class?

Following are the few scenarios where we need to write apex code: To create web services that integrate Salesforce with other applications. To implement custom validation on sobjects. To execute custom apex logic when a DML operation is performed.

What is Apex test class in Salesforce?

The Apex testing framework enables you to write and execute tests for your Apex classes and triggers on the Lightning Platform. Apex unit tests ensure high quality for your Apex code and let you meet requirements for deploying Apex.

How do you write an Apex class?

Adding an Apex ClassFrom Setup, enter “Apex Classes” in the Quick Find box, then select Apex Classes and click New.In the class editor, enter this class definition: public class MyHelloWorld { } … Add this method definition between the class opening and closing brackets. … Click Save to save the new class.

How do Apex classes work?

Students complete courses through an online learning platform, where they work at their own pace toward scheduled due dates. A teacher facilitates each course at a distance. Students watch educational video clips, practice skills, interact with the content, and check their understanding through diagnostic tools.

What is a apex?

Definition of apex 1a : the uppermost point : vertex the apex of a mountain. b : the narrowed or pointed end : tip the apex of the tongue. 2 : the highest or culminating point the apex of his career.

How do I run an Apex class in Salesforce?

Executing Anonymous Apex CodeClick Debug | Open Execute Anonymous Window to open the Enter Apex Code window.Enter the code you want to run in the Enter Apex Code window or click. … Execute the code: … If you selected Open Log, the log automatically opens in the Log Inspector.More items…

Why APEX is used in Salesforce?

Apex enables developers to access the Salesforce platform back-end database and client-server interfaces to create third-party SaaS applications. Apex includes an application programming interface (API) that Salesforce developers can use to access user data on the platform.

What is Apex class and trigger in Salesforce?

Classes consist of other classes, user-defined methods, variables, exception types, and static initialization code A trigger is Apex code that executes before or after specific data manipulation language (DML) events occur, such as before object records are inserted into the database, or after records have been deleted …

Can we call trigger from Apex class?

You can call an Apex class from Trigger as well. Triggers are called when a specified event occurs and triggers can call the Apex class when executing.

What is difference between class and test class?

The test classes are added to the classpath before the regular classes By Maven(IDE uses the information provided by Maven) – therefore classes/resource that exists in the test part have a higher priority.

What is the purpose of test classes in Salesforce?

You write a test class to ensure that Apex Classes and triggers are working as expected, by testing it single and bulk record processing, for positive test cases and negative test cases. For this you also create the testing database.

Are apex tests visible?

Use the TestVisible annotation to allow test methods to access private or protected members of another class outside the test class. These members include methods, member variables, and inner classes. This annotation enables a more permissive access level for running tests only.

What are test classes in software testing?

Test classes are the code snippets that are developed to perform unit testing in Apex.

What is Apex in Salesforce?

What is Apex? Apex is a strongly typed, object-oriented programming language that allows developers to execute flow and transaction control statements on Salesforce servers in conjunction with calls to the API.

What is Apex based on?

Apex is based on familiar Java idioms, such as variable and expression syntax, block and conditional statement syntax, loop syntax, object and array notation. Where Apex introduces new elements, it uses syntax and semantics that are easy to understand and encourage efficient use of the Lightning Platform.

What is Apex language?

Apex is a strongly typed language that uses direct references to schema objects such as object and field names. It fails quickly at compile time if any references are invalid. It stores all custom field, object, and class dependencies in metadata to ensure that they are not deleted while required by active Apex code.

Is Apex a multitenant?

Hosted. Apex is interpreted, executed, and controlled entirely by the Lightning Platform. Multitenant aware. Like the rest of the Lightning Platform, Apex runs in a multitenant environment. So, the Apex runtime engine is designed to guard closely against runaway code, preventing it from monopolizing shared resources.

What is a class in Apex?

As in Java, you can create classes in Apex. A class is a template or blueprint from which objects are created. An object is an instance of a class. For example, the PurchaseOrder class describes an entire purchase order, and everything that you can do with a purchase order.

What is a PurchaseOrder class?

An instance of the PurchaseOrder class is a specific purchase order that you send or receive. All objects have state and behavior, that is, things that an object knows about itself, and things that an object can do.

What is the behavior of a PurchaseOrder object?

The behavior of a PurchaseOrder object—what it can do—includes checking inventory, shipping a product, or notifying a customer. A class can contain variables and methods. Variables are used to specify the state of an object, such as the object’s Name or Type.

What is an interface class?

A class can contain other classes, exception types, and initialization code. An interface is like a class in which none of the methods have been implemented— the method signatures are there, but the body of each method is empty.

Can Apex classes be static?

In Apex, you can have static methods, variables, and initialization code. However, Apex classes can’t be static. You can also have instance methods, member variables, and initialization code, which have no modifier, and local variables. You can extend a class to provide more specialized behavior.

Supported Calls

All Metadata API calls except CRUD-Based Calls, which prevents deployment outside of proper deployment lifecycle and test-execution constraints.

Declarative Metadata File Suffix and Directory Location

The file suffix is .cls for the class file. The accompanying metadata file is named ClassName-meta.xml.


PackageVersion identifies a version of a managed package. A package version is a number that identifies the set of components uploaded in a package. The version number has the format majorNumber.minorNumber.patchNumber (for example, 2.1.3). The major and minor numbers increase to a chosen value during every major release.

Declarative Metadata Sample Definition

The following sample creates the MyhelloWorld.cls class, and the corresponding MyHelloWorld.cls-meta.xml metadata file.

Wildcard Support in the Manifest File

This metadata type supports the wildcard character * (asterisk) in the package.xml manifest file. For information about using the manifest file, see Deploying and Retrieving Metadata with the Zip File.

What Are Apex Classes?

When you start learning a programming language, particularly an object-oriented language, there are two terms you’ll find together most of the time that can be confusing for new programmers: Classes and objects.

Components of an Apex Class

An Apex class consists of components that define an object’s functionality and characteristics. Let’s break down the structure of a class to understand it better.

Final Thoughts

Below, you can see a complete example of an Apex class with most of the components we discussed.

Passing Method Arguments by Value

In Apex, all primitive data type arguments, such as Integer or String, are passed into methods by value. This fact means that any changes to the arguments exist only within the scope of the method. When the method returns, the changes to the arguments are lost.

Versioned Behavior Changes

In API version 50.0 and later, scope and accessibility rules are enforced on Apex variables, methods, inner classes, and interfaces that are annotated with @namespaceAccessible. For accessibility considerations, see NamespaceAccessible Annotation.

abortJob (jobId)

Stops the specified job. The stopped job is still visible in the job queue in the Salesforce user interface.

assert (condition, msg)

Asserts that the specified condition is true. If it is not, a fatal error is returned that causes code execution to halt.

assertEquals (expected, actual, msg)

Asserts that the first two arguments are the same. If they are not, a fatal error is returned that causes code execution to halt.

assertNotEquals (expected, actual, msg)

Asserts that the first two arguments are different. If they are the same, a fatal error is returned that causes code execution to halt.

currentPageReference ()

Returns a reference to the current page. This is used with Visualforce pages.

currentTimeMillis ()

Returns the current time in milliseconds, which is expressed as the difference between the current time and midnight, January 1, 1970 UTC.

debug (msg)

Writes the specified message, in string format, to the execution debug log. The DEBUG log level is used.


Leave a Comment